In summer, the risk of strokes increases, especially for those who spends much time at her house, hunched over the beds. And as the disease every year younger, know the causes and signs of stroke is useful for everyone. Together with the experts of the Fund ORBI we made a cheat sheet for those who does not know what a stroke, and talked about psychological assistance to those who experienced it.
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Defend against vascular accident
A stroke or cerebrovascular accident is a condition when the blood sated with oxygen ceases to flow to the brain. In the absence of oxygen brain cells die, which can lead to disability and even death.
Today, stroke is one of the most common causes of mortality in Russia and the leading cause of disability. Every year the country takes to 650 000 cases of stroke, every eighth – ends in death, and up to 87% of survivors are forced to live with disabilities.
Over the past 10 years, the age of stroke has decreased markedly. If 20-25 years ago, to imagine a stroke in a person 45 years was not possible, today it occurs in men and women 30 years of age. It is therefore important to know the signs of a stroke, to undergo regular medical examinations, including ultrasound of the neck vessels, control the blood sugar level.
Medical examiner Fund ORBI Asya Dobrianska:
We can’t eliminate stress, which is the result of intensive work and high pace of life in the city, but we can limit the consumption of coffee, quit Smoking and give yourself regular exercise because of vascular accident is able to protect only them.
8 signs of a stroke
Each stroke requires immediate medical attention, so it’s important not just to know the signs of stroke, but also time to recognize them and not to ignore.
Follow 3 simple steps
A stroke can be recognized, both domestically and in others. It is enough to do three easy steps:
Smile – when you stroke the smile of a man is skewed, one corner of his mouth is pushed down.
Raise both hands in the case of a stroke the hand with the affected part will go up below.
To speak – just try to spell her own name: as a General rule, stroke the person’s speech becomes slurred and slow.
Stroke: help before the ambulance
It is important to remember that time is the main factor. Immediate medical attention is vital. If you notice any of the signs of stroke, call an ambulance. The sooner the patient will receive skilled care, the greater the likelihood of survival and recovery. And while the ambulance is on the way, you should in first aid.
If the person during a single stroke
If the person is found signs of stroke in yourself and, if possible, he should call an ambulance or if it is technically simpler (for example, the phone has speed dial), to those who can help – family, friends. If not, you need to go to the landing, or at least unlock the door.
You should know that the condition can deteriorate rapidly, that is, if first, a person still have the opportunity to call and talk, then half an hour this opportunity could be.
In any case can not accept the pills (with the exception of scheduled insulin injections).
Precautions for truckers
In the hot summer days, the danger of stroke increases. This is especially true of those who spends a lot of time in the garden. To protect yourself from possible stroke, experts advise:
Delete stay in a tilted position, his head down.
To work on the ground to sit on benches, synthetic pillows, the ground, to choose the position of kneeling/squatting – by the way, sells comfortable knee pads for just such occasions.
Stay cool in the sun. In hot weather, choose to work in the garden morning and evening, that is the time to 11 and after 16 hours.
Do not neglect headwear.
If you suffered a stroke
In addition to information and medical care Fund ORBI provides to stroke survivors and their family members psychological support. Among the relatives group popular Skype consultations, where people not only gets professional help, but talking to people who were in the same situation.
Dialogue in Skype Nina, Galina and Sergei discussing the weather in their cities, share photos of Pets, flowers on the balcony and loved the poems of the classics, often sad – in the mood.
– Of course it just so happens that when a family such grief happens, the shrinking social circle. With those people with whom I spoke, not out to continue the dialogue, because everything has changed. And the people here very well understand you and the psychologist knows our situation. A lot of moral support, the situation carefully parsed, just even have the ability to speak is also important, – says Galina Udodenko.
Galina’s husband suffered a stroke twice, in 2009 and in 2010. To restore motor function succeeded, but there were problems with memory, and every year the situation gets worse.
I was alone, and now there is a group and I understand that it is not one. Psychological support is especially needed relatives. People who have had a stroke are not always aware of the consequences. I have a friend that 18 years ago had a stroke, she’s got a bad working hands, feet, but a great memory and she understands everything. And I have another story: the husband moves out, but does not remember anything and does not know. To live in the same space with the native man who forgot, very hard.
Get psychological help in an ordinary hospital of a small town is almost impossible, the more valuable for Galina, Sergei, Nina and dozens of other people the opportunity Fund ORBI.
Hands down, the nerves pass, but do not want to ship all experiences
Psychologist of Fund ORBI Tatiana Amitava:
Psychological help addressed infrequently, at least when compared with the number of other complaints. I think this is due to the fact that people themselves are bad, what can help a psychologist and how everything happens in meetings.
In the case of stroke, people are thinking more about the physical condition of the person. It seems if he gets physically better, the psychological difficulties will go away by themselves. But there is a reverse connection: the emotional state affects the physical. For example, supports the desire to do rehabilitation exercises.
A stroke is including psychological trauma, experienced as a bolt from the blue. This metaphor of people who have had a stroke, do is often used when we are discussing their experience.
The most common problem we are working at meetings – it is the experience of apathy (hands down, I want to continue to fight, to do exercises) and emotional fatigue (“nerves”) with relatives. And it’s really very important to work with a psychologist.
Psychological help is an opportunity to talk to a considerate companion that really cares about you and it is difficult to talk to others, as they try “not to load their feelings”.
Such support is also important to take steps to overcome the psychological and social isolation, which can bring a stroke. It is particularly needed in periods of “plateau” when the results from the rehabilitation exercises are not visible.
Extremely important to be able to share with an attentive companion life experiences, for example, the loss of what was, the loss of familiar self-image (the body does not respond, became whiny), thoughts of hopelessness, fear of recurrence of stroke, death, disability, disillusionment and finding new meaning.
Also, it is important to discuss with a psychologist of difficulties in communication with close people. For example, a misunderstanding (at least due to the fact that it is often difficult); excessive concern (when the close care is important, but it is important not to become the object of care, to maintain a sense of their importance and influence); the experience of abandonment, isolation (sometimes to caring relatives piled as many household chores, what time to talk is almost gone), feelings of resentment or guilt, irritation.
This is perhaps the most difficult question, because every recommendation that I can give, can receive correction: sometimes it is important to do exactly the opposite.
For example, when it is important to motivate and “force” a man who has had a stroke to perform rehabilitation exercises, but it is important to step aside to enable a person to be active. When we’re awake, to brace a man not to let him faint, but sometimes very important to allow a person to experience sadness.
I would still advise family members at least a few minutes a day to draw attention to themselves, for example, to stop and inhale and long exhale, and needs – ask yourself: what am I feeling right now? it is important to do to more or less maintain their emotional well-being? Because, returning contact with yourself, you can return and sensitivity to the needs of a loved one, and hence the wise steps – not in the direction that “must” but to what will be the best at the moment.