Exhibition in the Museum-reserve “Tsaritsyno” on the history of charity in Russia


“The Russian charity under the patronage of the Imperial house of the Romanovs” – in the Museum-reserve “Tsaritsyno”. At the exhibition more than 1,000 items from the state museums and private collections, the correspondent of TV channel “Culture” Irina Razumovsky.

11 halls of the Grand Palace takes this exposition. It covers three centuries of philanthropy in Russia. Since the first tsars of the Romanov dynasty. Here it is shown how the charity was implemented at different levels: the state (i.e. social policy) and private (was a personal initiative of the emperors and empresses).

Even the kings of Mikhail Fedorovich and Alexei Mikhailovich assisted from its funds to the starving, the exiled, the prisoner. Catherine the Great laid the basic charity under the patronage of the Romanov dynasty. The era of Paul I and his wife, originally a German Princess, is a turning point in the history of philanthropy.

“At the state level led is the Empress Maria Feodorovna. Since the XIX century, this public charity has become an almost mandatory part of life for all Russian empresses. A certain European tradition very naturally lay on the Russian Orthodox, and all the Russian Empress had converted to Orthodoxy, so I would say that in Russian philanthropy was a special inspiration, which in General is always important in this noble cause,” – said the doctor of historical Sciences, writer Igor Zimin.

Here are dozens of drawings of charitable institutions, the decree on the establishment of classless educational institutions, educational institutions for the deaf and the blind drawn up by the Empress, the insignia of the red cross. A separate issue, of course, is charity during the wars. To help the wounded and disabled were attended by the whole Imperial family.

“Amazing I wonder what makes the Empress Maria Feodorovna, the wife of Emperor Alexander III. It is after the Russo-Turkish war, favoring the wounded wars, understood that we need to help people who have lost limbs. And she took up prosthetics. First it was the Mariinsky orphanage for 20-30 warriors, and wizards are not enough, sometimes ordered by foreign masters, then began to form the school of craftsmen who can do beautiful dentures,” – said the head of the Council of the Foundation “Elisabeth-sergievskoe educational society” Anna Gromova.

Now this place – Scientific-research orthopaedic centre. Much of what has been done for 300 years the history of Russian charity, now has a sequel. So, the first military hospital, built under Peter I, – the Burdenko Hospital in Moscow, the building of the St. Petersburg educational house – Pedagogical Institute named Herzen. This exhibition is a tribute to those who started and initiated a good cause.

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