The evening of 29 December (i.e. after the end of the work week in 2018), the Ministry of education published a new version of the bill on the regulation of adoptive families. Suggestions to the document are accepted till 12 Jan 2019.
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For the first time on a new draft law regulating the adoption of children in the family, began in August 2018. Ministry of education planned to introduce new regulations that complicate the adoption of orphans, including to limit the number of children in foster care.
The document has caused indignation in a society and the Minister of education Olga Vasilyeva said that the document was developed by the Ministry of education and science and has not been agreed neither with her nor with the Ministry of education. She promised that the Agency will finalize the draft law with the involvement of the expert community.
In the new version of the draft law rule limiting the number of children in foster care three, were removed, but other rules, which protested against the parents remained in the document.
For example, the bill makes it compulsory psychological testing (on why foster families and psychologists oppose this measure, “Pravmir” wrote a year ago).
Legislators believe that such measure will allow to know the motivation of the citizen, the presence of the family “resources to fully meet the needs of the child, left without parental care”, the presence of “possible restrictions to the admission of the child into the family, of the ability to meet the needs of the child in the family”, the citizen’s “experience, education and other competencies necessary for adopting children in foster care”.
The number of children who will be able to take family, will be limited by the size of the living space. The bill gives the right to adopt only one child a year (except for siblings and children who were brought up in a children’s home or family).
“Limiting the number of children will contribute to a more successful adaptation of the child in the family, his upbringing and education, protection of rights and inclusion in society will reduce the risks of the return of children in organizations for orphans and children left without parental care”, – the authors of the bill in the explanatory Memorandum.
Left in the document and the rate that foster care was called “serfdom” to move, the foster family will have to undergo an inspection on the new place of residence and to obtain permission from the guardianship.
“Hurry up those who want to catch”
“I have a painful impression,” – commented on the Facebook lawyer Anton Zharov, who participates in the discussion of the bill. Despite the fact that the development process was able to make some changes, “the law is monstrous,” he wrote.
“And input of “serfdom” for caregivers, and this same “survey”, and forced “support”… And even in square metres which will now be a mandatory requirement, the lawyer says. – Considering that because it will come not earlier 21-year — hurry up those who want to catch”.
Psychological testing, which will be mandatory for prospective adoptive parents, does not infer the person’s potential, says psychologist and adoptive mother of Elena machinsky.
The Ministry of education want to introduce the measure against violence, inappropriate behavior or killed in foster care. “To this end, psychological testing can not handle and should not handle. It shows the human resources at the moment, but when a man takes the baby and lives with him, he changes the situation: changing the marital status, an internal mental state, – says Elena. – People commit crimes against foster children not in the moment when they are healthy, and when the accumulated fatigue, irritation, burnout, depression”.
Elena notes that adoptive parents are now required to get a certificate from a psychiatrist. “It turns out, the psychiatrist says that a person is healthy, the psychologist must assume that in a year people will be sick (or not),” she says.
Nanny, driver, and returned the child to the orphanage
The authors of the bill believe that the testing will help to identify “weak spots” of potential adoptive parents. Elena Machinskaya believes that this is not a reason to ban such family to take the child, because the parents can successfully cope with problems.
For example, the weak place may be small children in the family, as they require a lot of time and resources. “I know dozens of families who had small children and they took foster children, and they cope. And I know families where there were children, they are resource rich, have nannies, drivers and they returned the children to the orphanage,” – says Elena machinsky.
“If there are risks, this does not mean that people do not have it. The risk is the signal to be the man next door” – the expert believes.
Foster parents need support services, but not those whose assistance is reduced to weekly testing. “We need those who help: come with a family, babysit so mom can go shopping alone, to sleep, to escape, if she has a difficult child.”
In fact, mandatory psychological testing will be “an additional nail in the coffin of adoptive parenting,” – says Elena. For example, in a pilot project in the suburbs of the future every member of the foster family needs 3 days to attend psychological testing. “The whole family, including children, must not study, work, have meetings and tasks, have to come to psychological testing and spend half a day, all day. It is very difficult for people who work.”
According to estimates Elena to take the child into the family and place him completely, including passing a medical examination, should go approximately 76 offices in different places. The new restrictions will only complicate the procedure.
“Only the strongest will survive or psychopaths who have an obsessive desire to take the child,” – says Elena machinsky.