Not all adults is making noises, but sometimes they do not notice. Possible for a person to know whether he speaks and whether adult help of a speech therapist? Olga Azova, candidate of pedagogical Sciences, associate Professor of the Department of correction MPSU, Director of the children’s neurological and rehabilitation center “Logomed Prognoz”.
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What sounds broken – find out for yourself
Many people do not notice the shortcomings of their own pronunciation. Sometimes learn about them from other people or when I hear his speech. Recording your speech is a good way to establish which sounds you broken.
The speech therapist evaluates the violation of sound pronunciation by listening. Special tests for self-test sounds not. Adults and children are encouraged to repeat the phrases or texts in which the “need” to check the sound or group of sounds sounds in different positions. For example, the sound [W]: Sewed Mache hood.
I don’t usually offer anything to repeat, “hear” the sound of speech of the interlocutor during the conversation. If you offer repetition, I prefer the phrase, where there are sounds from different phonetic groups: Sasha and Senya cut paper with scissors. Cooking dried clothes on a line.
Major violations zvukoproiznoshenija – no distortion, substitution, and blending sounds. Replacement, and the lack of mixing is a violation, in fact, peculiar to children. There is, in principle, everything is clear – there is no sound, not pronounced (fence – Saba), replacement of four signs (for voiced or voiceless –voicing, hardness – softness, hissing – whistling, conomie R-l) mixing – being able to say, the child confuses certain sounds (normally this process is completed the child in 4-5 years, when all the sounds of speech differ for children at the hearing and to pronounce).
Remains a large group of distortions that may persist in adults and are somehow upset them, if we are not talking about holosericeus profession. If the distortion is pronounced instead of the correct sound, which is not in the phonetic system of the Russian language, for example “throat” [R], the interdental hissing and sibilant side sound different sounds.
In order for man to estimate correctly it makes a sound or not, you need to know the way of articulation of each sound. In principle this is not difficult and can be mastered independently, but in General this is an area of expertise in speech therapy.
There is a nice table in the book by M. F. Fomicheva, a famous speech therapist, my teacher. Here are described all the distortions. Need to pronounce sounds, words, sentences of different phonetic groups and to listen – not distorted if the sound is not made if the disturbance in the table.
The cause of the violations sound a lot, here are the main:
– deviations in the structure of the vocal apparatus (malocclusion, short sublingual frenulum),
– violation of tone of the muscles of the speech apparatus, especially language,
– insufficient mobility of lips, tongue, lower jaw.
If such features are, it is about aiming to listen to the sound of his speech.
Often adults decide not to continue classes
The breach in the distorted sound of the sound – it’s more like, “ugly”, what the problem is. In other words, a matter of taste – some people do not like “Burr” [R], and someone, on the contrary, I would say that that’s the highlight, especially if it is a loved one, in which everything is fine, and that [R] is a special charm.
If we are talking about those people who want to carry the reference sound, then, of course, it sounds correct, even if you’re a grown man. Is actors, announcers, lecturers, teachers, singers, politicians, lawyers – all those who made the speech and the voice of their profession.
Tend to refer to the correct sounds when there is a need. In my experience, there was a girl who wanted to be a journalist and work on radio. When a person is not seen but only heard about, that you are judged on speech, and the pronunciation of sounds is one of its categories. The girl was very diligent. We not only quickly corrected, but, with some effort, introduced “new” sounds in speech.
And there was such a case. I was approached by an adult with dysarthria, in which almost all slot sounds sounded wrong – to-air left side (sound side), on one side of the tongue weak muscles, improper articulation of the way in and out. I always ask about why I formed the desire to correct the sounds. In this case, the sound interfered with the negotiation process on the job, was complicated by other people’s perception of what was said. Overall a good reason.
By naming the problem was made public and that the son is like a problem and they would like to attend classes. I offered classes for son and father – presence in class and the repetition of all the exercises that we did with the child. We did have a large mirror, his father was behind our backs and tried to repeat, but soon realized that it was very difficult, and even if we put the sounds, he will not be able to use them in life, because at the stage of slow accentuated pronunciation when the sound would be allocated in the speech stream, it would be impossible to work – a lot of sounds broken and it just will not be able to negotiate, have some time to deal only with automation of sounds.
For professional life I was called a lot of adults. Those who were motivated and hard-working, wanted to make the effort, those expected success, but many have decided not to continue. Here I am on the side of the adult, each – your choice.
The speech therapy not only fixes the sounds
Most often turn to a speech therapist only those who want to link their lives with holosericeum professions. We have in the whole country it’s not customary for actors, commentators were disturbed pronunciation of sounds, and therefore before admission or during training in the institutions future professionals put sounds and develop speech.
But the issue there is the second component. The assistance of a speech therapist is extensive and applies not only to repair sounds with dyslalia and dysarthria, but also the correction of stuttering, recovery with aphasia (lack of speech formed), dysphagia (violation of act of swallowing), disorders of the voice and prosodic. A speech therapist deals not only with sound correction, but the correction of speech disorders, voice and swallowing.
A huge topic is the restoration of voice, ability to speak in Adonijah and disfonia different origin in laryngitis, paresis and paralysis of the vocal cords, tumors of the larynx. These speech therapists-vodopady.
There are violations that are associated with the so-called ugly sound, and in the case of aphasia or cancer of the larynx to restore speech and the voice vector to life itself.
Speech pathologist who works in these institutions of the health sector, comes to the rescue in difficult moments of people’s lives, for example, after a stroke or traumatic brain injury. And one of the first professionals in the acute period.
Right now, before the new year, addresses the important issue of professional standards for speech therapists who work in this field.
It turned out that these professionals pushed out of this field to assist patients.
In fact, the rehabilitation and habilitation of adults and children too, faced with speech problems, is a serious process multidisciplinary of complex effects, including not only medical, but also pedagogical and psychological activities, appropriate rehabilitation needs of the patient at different stages of the disease.
In the rehabilitation process of impaired functions, including speech, involving physicians of different specialties, clinical psychologists and experts in providing defectological help. It’s just speech therapists, teachers of the deaf, oligophrenopedagogy, the blind that can be left behind, and patients – without their knowledge. At the moment this assistance is maintained at the cost of enormous efforts.